Local name: Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon
There are five kinds of rhinos in the world: the white and black rhino who live in Africa, and the Indian, Javanese and Sumatran rhinos who live in Asia.
The rare Javanese rhino can only be found in the Ujung Kulon National Park these days, on the island of Java in Indonesia. But poaching and the reduction of habitat has brought this animal to the brink of extinction.
Ujung Kulon National Park is a huge nature reserve in the far west of Java. Since 1991, the park has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List, and is home to many native animals such as the Javanese rhino. The park also includes the surrounding islands and the famous Krakatau volcano.
It’s largely thanks to that volcano that the Javanese rhino has survived. An eruption in 1883 caused a huge tsunami that practically killed all the people in the region. The area became uninhabited after that, creating a perfect habitat for the shy rhino.
With cameras placed in strategic locations people are monitoring the animals. The young rhinos in the images below are two males and a female, which gives hope for the survival of this rare creature.
There are several walking trails in the park, and you can even camp in the jungle. As it is a protected area, you can only do so with a guide.
Don’t expect to see the rhinos in the wild, they are extremely shy. But your entry fee into the park will be used to protect these animals. You will be able to spot different kinds of deer and monkeys out there, as well as wild boars and hornbills.
More information: www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/area/ujung-kulon-national-park