There’s something magical about Iceland. Once you’ve been there, you’ll want to return. This island is so different to so many other countries in the world. It’s an ideal place for an active holiday – to spend hours walking, trekking, camping, ice climbing, looking at geysers and climbing on glaciers.
Whatever you can think of, you can do it here. And do it in such a rugged landscape! As a tourist you’ll really notice this, and there are several active volcanoes on the island too. You can see the results of this with places such as Katla under the Mýrdalsjökull, the famous Laki area, the Hekla, and the island of Surtsey, which is slowly rising out of the sea.
Iceland is a very young land; some parts of the island are only between 17 and 20 million years old. This area is known as the westfjords. Iceland is still growing due to the volcanic activity. And there are also several dormant volcanoes, such as Skjaldbreiður, the two Snæfell volcanoes, Kerið, Eldborg, Hverfjall, Krafla and Askja.
There are some interesting terms used here, you’ll have to figure out what they mean when you go to Iceland: jökulhlaup, hornito, solfatars and fumaroles and subglacial lakes (for example Grímsvötn at the immense Vatnajökull National Park). The terms for the different kinds of rock around here are also varied and numerous, and include basalt and basaltic lava, tefra and tuff, volcanic glass, palagonite and rhyolite.
Tourists can also enjoy the many wild animals that live on and around the island, including different kinds of whales, as well as the cute puffins. Iceland is also remarkably eco-friendly, most people heat their homes using the thermal warmth coming from under the surface of the earth.
More information: www.iceland.is