M’zab Valley

Discover five fortified cities in Algeria

The M’Zab Valley is rugged, intriguing and quite obscure. It’s the home of the Mozabites, a branch of the Berber tribe with a unique school of the Islamic faith: the Ibadi movement. They speak Mozabite, or Tumzabt, a Berber language that barely resembles other Berber languages.

There are five fortified cities that were founded between 1012 and 1350, and they have ingenious underground systems to store their precious water.

If you travel through Algeria, you might discover five fortified cities: Ghardaia, Beni-Isguen, El-Atteuf, Melika and Bounoura. In these old cities you can witness daily life in a typical North-African setting.