The Kilimanjaro rises more than 5 kilometres above its surrounding landscape in Tanzania. This makes it the highest free-standing mountain in the world. The top is named Uhuru and is at 5.895 metre altitude.
The Kilimanjaro is actually made up of three volcanoes. The biggest and highest volcano is the Kibo, which is the peak of the Kilimanjaro. Beside it is the Shira with 3.962 metres, and the Mawenzi is 5.148 metre.
Travellers who made the hike immediately fall in love with this beautiful part of Africa. The mountain is covered in ice. According to scientists around 2 km² of the Kibo is covered in a small glacier.
Though the question now is: for how long? This glacier was around five times larger at the end of the 19th century and is shrinking more every year. To protect the natural beauty of this area, Kilimanjaro National Park was founded in 1973.
In 1987, the Kilimanjaro was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The park comprises the entire mountain, and 6 corridors of the surrounding forest at about 2.000 metres.
You can take a multi-day hike to the top. There are several routes you can take, which vary in length and distance. You will spend the night walking and sleeping on the mountain, so you can watch the sunrise from the top. After that, you’ll make your way back down.